Psycopathology Discussion Response
Psychopathology : Foundations for a Contemporary Understanding
by James E. Maddux and Barbara A. Winstead
For this week’s Forum, respond to the following: Describe and contrast the nature of panic attacks as found in a diagnosis of Panic Disorder versus a diagnosis of Social Phobia. Discuss one pharmacological and one psychological treatment for symptoms of panic attacks.
Reply to the following response with 200 words minimum. (please make response as if having a conversation, respond directly to some of the statements in below post. This is not providing an analysis of the original post. Respectfully address it and even ask clarifying or additional questions.)
Describe and contrast the nature of panic attacks as found in a diagnosis of Panic Disorder versus a diagnosis of Social Phobia.
Many individuals have often confused panic disorders and social phobia. It is therefore important to provide some clarification between the two by explaining what they are and contrasting them to bring about further understanding of the distinction between the two. Panic disorders is a very sudden onset of discomfort or very concentrated fear that peaks within a very short period of time can include symptoms such as sweating, shortness of breath, palpitations, shaking, and accelerated heart rate. Interestingly, people with panic disorders often assume that their issue is related to a medical. On the other hand, social phobia often occurs in social situation and it is especially pronounced when the individual believes that he or she is at the center of attention. This individual has very high anxiety in situations where they are to socialize with other people within a group. This anxiety is worsened when the focus of attention is placed on them either through mild questioning or criticism. These individuals are petrified of interacting with people they do not know or even in situations where they are to make some form of public presentation. The anxiety does not subside even if the person is being honored in a positive manner, as it would only cause them to feel fear or dread.
People who suffer from social phobia are also often very introverted and quiet and as a result their actual potential is never fully realized as they often seek employment in areas that are lower than their capabilities. However, people with panic disorders symptoms are mainly physical and are often interpreted as a medical problem. People with social phobias usually experience extreme anxiety which they view as fear, but it is not believed to be medically related. People who suffer from panic disorders are often very social and enjoy communicating with other people. However, individuals who suffer from social phobia are often loners and tend to withdraw from social situations as they fear it would draw unwanted attention to themselves which could potentially in their opinion lead to embarrassment.
Discuss one pharmacological and one psychological treatment for symptoms of panic attacks.
There are various pharmacological medicines such as benzodiazepines that are used treat panic attacks. More specifically, alprazolam (Xanax) is a drug that has been effective in the treatment of anxiety. These benzodiazepines are often prescribed to help in the immediate relief of the symptoms associated with panic disorder.
Psychological treatment for symptoms of panic attacks include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT is viewed as the most effective form of treatment for panic attacks, because it focuses on the ways in which the individual thinks and the types of behaviors that trigger the panic attacks. This way the therapist can help the individual to understand nothing terrible is going to happen if they engage in this particular behavior. This can eventually make that behavior seem less frightening to the person.
Question for the Class
I know of many people who often taken Xanax if they are having a particularly rough day. Do you believe diagnoses such as social disorders are making it too easy for people to have access to controlled substances?
Smith, M., Segal, J. (2017). Panic attacks and panic disorder. Help Guide. Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/panic-attacks-and-panic-disorders.htm