1.   The primary developmental task of adolescence is:a.   developing a sense of industryb.   developing a sense of intimacyc.   developing a sense of identityd.   developing a sense of initiative2.  Some characteristics that peer groups offer and which may be lacking in families are:a.   strong belief structureb.   a clear system of rulesc.   communication and discussion about drugs, sex, and religion.d.   all of the above.3.   Peer pressure is strongly associated with:a.   level of academic successb.   gender role conformityc.   a and bd.   none of the above4.   Fundamental changes that occur in the adolescent brain include:a.   neurological changeb.   cognitive appraisalc.   emotion processingd.   all of the above5.   Adolescent thinking/cognition is characterized by:a.   a belief that his or her experience is uniqueb.   egocentrismc.   a and bd.   none of the above6.   The pre-frontal cortex of the brain is associated with:a.   self-awarenessb.   weighing consequences of potential decisionsc.   a and bd.   none of the above7.   Parents serve as role models for:a.   substance abuseb.   eating patternsc.   physical activityd.   all of the above.8.   Baumrind’s research showed a relationship between parents’ authoritative parenting style and adolescents’a.   academic competenceb.   social maturityc.   a and bd.   none of the above9.   Qualities of effective parent-child relationships with adolescents include:a.   open communicationb.   monitoringc.    supervisiond.   all of the above10. Authoritative parenting was related to teens’ self-confidence and competence regardless ofa.   ethnic backgroundb.   genderc.   socioeconomic statusd.   all of the above11. Protective factors that decrease the likelihood of risky behavior in adolescents include:support of adolescents’ involvement in:a.     extracurricular activitiesb.    organized religionc.     a and bd.    none of the above.12.  Which of the following is not true of gay and lesbian parents reveals that:a.   they are as competent as heterosexual parentsb.   their children show special problems with self-conceptc.   their children appear to be typically developing children.d.   all of the above13. Which of the following is not characteristic of adolescent mothers?a.   They are less likely to talk to and cognitively stimulate their infants.b.    Their development conflicts with early parenthood.c.   They are not as warm and responsive as older mothers.d.   Their egocentrism may interfere with the development of empathy for the newborn.14. Children raised in poverty are at-risk for:a.   poor physical and mental healthb.   social incompetencec.   abused.   all of the above.15. Children in poverty are likely to experience:a.   more family conflict and turmoilb.   separation from loved onesc.   less social supportd.   all of the above16. Which of the following have been identified as adjustment problems of children from affluent families?a.   depressionb.   substance abusec.   emotional problemsd.   all of the above17. Which of the following have been identified as sources of problems in affluent families?a.   disconnectednessb.   pressure to achievec.   a and bd.   none  of the above18. The cultural niche within which parenting occurs includes:a.   the physical and social environmentb.   customs of child rearing and child carec.   the parents’ beliefs, values, and attitudes.d.   all of the above.Answer the following in paragraph form:19.What are the advantages and disadvantages of high-school-age adolescents working part-time jobs during the school year?  Include examples in your answer.  (6 points)20.In the Week 1 Discussion Forum, you were asked “If parents had to obtain a license in order to have a child, what would you require for such a license?  Why?”  How did you answer that question?  Would you answer it in the same way today?  Why?  Why not?How did/do your ideas compare to those of Jack Westerman (p.329 in the textbook, chapter on social policy)?  Explain. (10 points)21.  Select ONE of the following four parent groups:Ø  Divorcing ParentsØ  Step-parentsØ  Military ParentsØ  Working ParentsBriefly describe the underlying concepts of family systems theory. Then apply family systems theory to one of the four parenting groups above by identifying and describing their changes/challenges/issues related to roles, boundaries, rules, traditions, rituals, communication, etc.Identify and describe strategies to reduce parental and child stress in the midst of these changes, challenges, and issues. (14 points)


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