what compound from plants is used by humans and its purpose 1

Plant Chemical Adaptations

Physical adaptations are one way plants have become well-adapted to specific environmental conditions. For example, cacti have spines in place of leaves to prevent water loss in the arid conditions of the desert, and deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall to survive cold weather conditions over the winter. Chemical adaptations are another means for plant protection. Many plants produce toxic or noxious compounds to protect themselves from insects or animals that would eat them, to reduce competition from other plants, or even to change the response of pollinators. Humans analyze and harvest these compounds for our own benefit.

Read this article on the search for useful plant compounds: Mother Nature’s Medicine Cabinet

Read this article on the less-than-beneficial uses of plant products: Addictive Drugs That Are Actually Pesticides

Choose ONE of the following compounds:

  • Caffeine
  • Cocaine
  • Nicotine
  • Artemisinin

Answer these four questions:

  1. Describe the compound and in what plant(s) it is found.
  2. Explain how this compound provides protection for the plant.
  3. Does the compound provide any other benefits for the plant, such as enhanced pollination?
  4. What effect does the compound have on humans?

Follow these guidelines for your paper:

  • Utilize at least 1 credible source to support the arguments presented in the paper. Make sure you cite appropriately within your paper, and list the reference(s) in APA format on your Reference page.
  • Your paper should be 1–2 pages in length, not counting the Title page and Reference page.

References

Herkewitz, W. (2014). Addictive drugs that are actually pesticides. Retrieved from http://mentalfloss.com/article/55372/addictive-dru…

Wong, K. (2014). Mother Nature’s medicine cabinet. Retrieved from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/mother-…

Grading Criteria

Grading Criteria

Grading Criteria Proficient Descriptor Points
Description of the compound • Describes the selected compound.
• Identifies the plant that is the source for the compound.
10
Protection for the plant • Explains how this compound provides protection for the plant.
• Delineates any other benefits that the compound provides for the plant or states that there are no other benefits.
15
Effect on humans • Describes the effect that the compound has on humans. 15
Format, Grammar, and Mechanics • Provides a 1-2 page paper that is double-spaced, and includes a title page, reference page, running head, and page numbers. The title page and reference page are not counted in the length of 1-2 pages for the paper.
• Sentences are clear, well-articulated, and free from grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors.
• Information sources (a minimum of one) utilized are clearly identified, properly cited, and referenced using APA Style.
10
Total 50

 

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